Although adolescents have benefitted from progress in education and public health over the past two decades, a UNICEF report entitled "Progress for Children" reveals that tens of millions of adolescents are still without education and over 1 million are dying each year. According to the report, the most challenging place for an adolescent to live is in Sub-Saharan Africa. By 2050, it is estimated that the region will have the greatest number of adolescents in the world. However, youth employment in the region is low and only half of the children finish primary school. Other alarming consequences of the benefits of progress not being equally shared amongst the total of 1.2 billion adolescents worldwide are also highlighted in the report. The United Nations defines adolescents as those between the ages of 10 and 19.
A new evaluation by London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine of the physical rehabilitation response after the 2010 Haiti earthquake, finds that many hands didn't always make light work. Thousands of people became disabled during and after the 2010 earthquake, and physical rehabilitation interventions were crucial to the emergency response. The rehabilitation sector alone involved 125 organisations including UN agencies, government, international and Haitian NGOs. With a strong focus on relationships between the 125 rehabilitation organisations involved, the study finds that effective coordination was challenged by top-down implementation with little respect for existing national structures or consideration of local practitioners, failure to observe international standards, and the sheer diversity of the collaboration.
A review published in The Lancet, reveals that careful earthquake preparation helped to lower mortality rates and the burden of injury during the February 22nd earthquake in Christchurch, New Zealand, in 2011. According to the analysis, the emergency health-system response was extremely effective, even though power outages made delivering medical care considerably difficult and communication systems were down. The earthquake injured over 6, 500 people and claimed 182 lives. Lead author of the study, Michael Ardagh from the University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand, said: "The health response to the Christchurch earthquake was unique because the city had only one hospital with an emergency department (which was compromised by earthquake damage). The hospital activated well developed and practiced internal and external incident plans and the response of other non-acute hospitals and primary care facilities was critical to ensuring an effective and timely response.
Researchers at the Universidad Carlos III of Madrid (UC3M) have developed a computer application that allows georeferenced images that have been uploaded to social networks on the Internet to be recovered, located on maps and organized like a comic to create a visual perspective of a specific story, such as a crisis situation or an emergency. The system the UC3M researchers have created, with the collaboration of La Sapienze University of Rome (Italy), facilitates the search for photographs related to a specific theme, time or place that internauts post on social networks like Flickr. Afterwards, the application allows those images to be placed on maps based on their geographic coordinates, and filtered to include only those that the user is most interested in. The result is a digital story that can be shared with other users and which creates a visual summary that can aid in the understanding or documentation of a certain situation.
A Physician's Experience In Front-Line Field Hospital In Libya To Help In Future Humanitarian Emergencies
Adam Levine, M.D., an emergency medicine physician with Rhode Island Hospital and a volunteer physician with International Medical Corps, was deployed to a field hospital near Misurata, Libya, during the conflict there. He and his colleagues cared for over 1, 300 patients from both sides of the conflict between June and August 2011. In a paper now available online in advance of print in the African Journal of Emergency Medicine, Levine describes his experience and the lessons he learned that he hopes will aid in future humanitarian efforts. In the paper, Levine sets the stage for the conflict, and explains, "As physicians working with the humanitarian aid organization International Medical Corps in Libya during this time, we witnessed many of the direct human costs first-hand." Working originally from an old farmhouse near the front-line of the fighting, the goal of the hospital was to treat and send home patients with minor wounds and to stabilize critically injured patients who would subsequently be transferred to two major receiving hospitals.