In the developing world, allocating limited health care resources as effectively and equitably as possible is a top priority. To address that need, systems engineers at the Georgia Institute of Technology are using computer models to help resource-poor nations improve supply chain decisions related to the distribution of breast milk and non-pharmaceutical interventions for malaria. They are also forecasting what health care services would be available in the event of natural disasters in Caribbean nations. "We are using mathematical models implemented in user-friendly tools like Microsoft Excel to improve the allocation of limited resources across a network, especially in resource-poor settings, " said Julie Swann, an associate professor in the H. Milton Stewart School of Industrial and Systems Engineering at Georgia Tech.
MÃ decins Sans FrontiÃ¨res (MSF), the largest provider of HIV treatment in Myanmar, released a report today highlighting the urgency of treating HIV and multi-drug resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in their country - Myanmar used to be called Burma. As many as 85, 000 people are going without retroviral treatments and another 9, 300 are infected with MDR-TB each year, while as few as 300 get any treatment. The document, entitled Lives in the Balance, highlights the terrible backlash that cancellation of funding from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria is likely to have on the country and the well being of its population. The worry is of course that without treatment these aggressive and difficult-to treat-diseases start to become more endemic and spread more rapidly. With no expansion to current programs planned up to and including 2014, this is a real concern.
Study reports long-term positive effects of the orthopaedic disaster response in Haiti; Meanwhile Academy initiates first-of-its kind disaster response certification to prepare for future crises When mass-casualty events occur, orthopaedic surgeons travel throughout the world to treat wounded patients in countries devastated by war, natural disaster and poverty. In 2010, 500 U.S. orthopaedic surgeons traveled to Haiti to help treat hundreds of thousands of victims following a catastrophic earthquake on that Caribbean island. And while the effort was generally successful in treating the broken bones, fractures and other orthopaedic injuries associated with earthquakes, not all of the volunteers were adequately prepared to work in a devastated country. "Individual physicians arrived without food, equipment, transportation and personal security, or an assignment, " said Christopher T.
A recent study published by The Lancet, indicates that an effective way of reducing the prevalence of HIV and HSV-2 infections among young women, is through providing financial aid to them and their families. The study was led by Dr Berk-zler, The World Bank; Prof Richard Garfein and Dr Craig McIntosh, University of California at San Diego; and Dr Sarah Baird, George Washington University, USA. Some of the principal risk factors for HIV infection among women are lack of education and economic dependence on men; these gender inequalities are suggested to be a main cause of their sexual decision-making. This study analyzed the effectiveness of a crash transfer program in reducing HIV infection rates among a population of never-married women aged 13-22 years, in the Zomba district of Malawi.
According to a report entitled "A Life Free from Hunger: Tackling Child Malnutrition" by Save the Children, nearly half a billion children are at risk of permanent damage in the next 15 years as a result of malnutrition. Chronic childhood malnutrition has been largely neglected, despite worldwide efforts to address food security. The report was released in light of the current emergency food crisis in the African Sahel. Carolyn Miles, President and CEO of Save the Children, explained: "Malnutrition is a largely hidden crisis, but it afflicts one in four children around the world. It wreaks lifelong damage and is a major killer of children. Every hour of every day, 300 children die because of malnutrition." According to the report, chronic malnutrition (lack of proper nutrition over time), is more lethal and significantly more extensive than the short-term acute malnutrition often observed during food crisis.