Troubled Future In Development Assistance For Health As Deadline For Millennium Development Goals Nears
Developed countries and funding agencies are putting the brakes on growth in development assistance for health, raising the possibility that developing countries will have an even harder time meeting the Millennium Development Goal deadline looming in 2015, according to new research from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington. Even as aid continued to grow, reaching $27.73 billion in 2011, significant cutbacks in the United States slowed the growth rate in development assistance to 4% between 2010 and 2011 - the slowest rate in a decade. The new findings are published online as a Web First article in Health Affairs, The global financial crisis has led to a slowdown in growth of funding to improve health in many developing countries, and in the latest installment of IHME's financing series, Financing Global Health 2011: Continued Growth as MDG Deadline Approaches.
Conclusions of a Policy Forum article in PLoS Medicine have shown that an analytical framework, called "house model", which focuses equally on health workers deployment, production and retention could assist in strengthening and developing health systems in post-conflict countries, including Afghanistan, Cambodia and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The study authors, Noriko Fujita, Mari Nagai, and Hidechika Akashi from the National Center for Global Health and Medicine in Tokyo, Japan and Anthony Zwi from the School of Social Science and International Studies at The University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia question the fact that development partners' and governments' efforts are usually focused on human resource system elements, mainly on educational institutions and in-service training for health workers, whilst neglecting other significant elements together with their essential connections.
The World Trade Center disaster exposed nearly half a million people to hazardous chemicals, environmental toxins, and traumatic events. According to research published in the December 2011 issue of Elsevier-published journal Preventive Medicine, this has resulted in increased risk of developing physical and mental health conditions after 9/11. "The New York City Health Department's volunteer and heart disease studies in this issue of Preventive Medicine reinforce the importance of tracking the long-term physical and mental health effects of 9/11 and help inform planning for future 9/11-related health care needs, " said New York City Health Commissioner Dr. Thomas Farley. A study of volunteers who turned out in the thousands to assist the 9/11 rescue operation, shows they, along with others who were directly exposed to the events of the 9/11 disaster, are now suffering from a range of physical and mental illnesses.
It's always advisable to read the medication label thoroughly before taking any drug and doubly so when administering a dose to a young child. With that in mind the FDA has issued a warning in regards to liquid acetaminophen marketed for children. The possibility for confusion and wrong doses has been increased due to the release of a different concentration of the product which is arriving in pharmacies this winter. Used for pain relief and to treat fever in infants, the liquid acetaminophen was originally available only in an 80mg/0.8ml or 80mg/ml concentration. The new product looks identical, but requires a larger dose of liquid at 160mg/5ml. The problem is compounded by banners on the packaging stating "NEW", which appear on both concentrations of the liquid. The FDA advises parents and caregivers to read the packaging thoroughly and insure they use the correct dose.
A study sponsored by the National Science Foundation found that most respondents felt the evacuation of New Orleans residents to the Superdome after Hurricane Katrina was a "failure" and this opinion has shaped their willingness to accept shelter if offered in an emergency evacuation. This finding, as well as many others, was derived from interviews of residents in the Chicago metropolitan area, with particular focus in two areas where neighborhood evacuations are likely due to large amounts of toxic materials that are transported nearby Logan Square and Blue Island, Ill. Logan Square is a predominantly Latino, low-income community with a high concentration of recent arrivals to this region from Mexico and Puerto Rico. By contrast, Blue Island is a mixed-race, predominantly low to middle income community on Chicago's south side.