A woman whose menopause arrives early has nearly double the risk of suffering form osteoporosis later on, compared to other females, researchers from Sk√ ne University Hospital, Malmo, Sweden, reported in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. The researchers explained that their study looked at what long-term effects early menopause might have on osteoporosis risk, mortality, and the risk of fragility fracture. 390 Caucasian women, average age 48, from northern Europe were recruited in the Malmo Perimenopausal Study. In this observational study, the females were regularly followed-up after the age of 48. The authors divided the women into two groups: Those whose menopause started before they were 47 years old Those whose menopause started after they were 47 years old All of them had their BMD (bone mineral density) measured.
Women who go through the menopause early are nearly twice as likely to suffer from osteoporosis in later life, suggests new research published in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. The Swedish study looked at the long-term effects of early menopause on mortality, risk of fragility fracture and osteoporosis. In 1977, 390 white north European women aged 48 were recruited in the Malmo Perimenopausal Study, an observational study where women were followed from age 48 onwards. The women were divided into two categories; women who started the menopause before 47 and women who started the menopause at age 47 or later. The women's bone mineral density (BMD) was measured. At the age of 77, all eligible women were re-measured for BMD. At this point, 298 women were still alive while 92 had died.
For years, fiber intake among the global population has been extremely low, setting the stage for potentially serious, long-term public health implications.(1) New research commissioned by Tate & Lyle and presented at the 2012 Experimental Biology conference in San Diego adds to the body of emerging research on fibers, including additional support for the role of soluble corn fiber in bone health. "Years of research point to the health benefits of fiber for cardiovascular health, blood glucose control, digestion and gut health, yet average intake is approximately half the recommended amount, " said Joanne Slavin, PhD, RD, of the University of Minnesota and a member of the 2010 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee. "With more than 90 percent of adults and children falling short of meeting their daily fiber recommendations, the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans classified fiber as a nutrient of concern, since it's one of the critical nutrients most lacking in people's diets.
A team of Japanese researchers reveal study results at the Experimental Biology 2012 meeting that show how acupuncture therapy mitigates skeletal muscle loss and holds promise for those seeking improved mobility through muscle rejuvenation. "It is my hope that this study will demonstrate acupuncture's feasibility with regard to improving health among the elderly and medical patients. Our findings could identify acupuncture as the primary nonpharmacological treatment to prevent skeletal muscle atrophy in the future, " says Akiko Onda, an acupuncturist and graduate student at the Waseda University School of Sport Sciences, who has been conducting a series of studies on skeletal muscle atrophy for the past four years. Loss of skeletal muscle mass has a profound effect on the ability of the elderly and the sick to engage in physical activity.
Below are highlights of orthopaedic research studies appearing in the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (JBJS). Study Looks at Orthopaedic Injuries Sustained by Soldiers in Operation Iraqi Freedom Since September 11, 2011, more than 1.9 million U.S. troops have been deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan, and nearly 65, 000 have required medical evacuation from these conflicts. Many reports have focused on casualties, as well as musculoskeletal injuries sustained during combat. However a new study, appearing in JBJS, looks at non-emergent musculoskeletal injuries that are incurred by military personnel during the course of a deployment and are reported only on return to the U.S. Orthopaedic non-emergent injuries include bone or joint pain, and don't necessarily need immediate emergency treatment.