Although it is true that fewer individuals commit suicide during holidays than other times of the year, for individuals without family and friends or for those with no place to go, the holidays can be an extremely depressing time. This loneliness causes an increase in hospital emergency department visits from individuals who are depressed or have engaged in potentially self-destructive behavior. Mark DeSilva, MD, medical director, Emergency Department, Gottlieb Memorial Hospital, part of the Loyola University Health System, explained: "For those who have no support system, no friends, family, loved ones or even coworkers, the holidays can prove very deadly. Everywhere, there are signs of gatherings, gift exchanges, happiness and love. If you are not experiencing what the rest of the world is enjoying, it is very bitter.
Study Results Confirm Benefit Of Treating Patients Suffering From Severe Depression With Deep Brain Stimulation
Results from the first multi-center pilot study of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for major depressive disorder were published online today by the Journal of Neurosurgery. The study, conducted at three research facilities in Canada, was designed to replicate and build upon an earlier study by Dr. Andres Lozano and Dr. Helen Mayberg which was published in the journal Neuron in 2005. Sponsored by St. Jude Medical, Inc. (NYSE:STJ), the study demonstrates significant improvement in depression symptoms among patients who are highly treatment resistant. The results of the study showed that DBS therapy targeted to an area of the brain known as Brodmann Area 25 provided noticeable improvement in depression symptoms and increased overall quality of life in patients who typically don't respond to treatment.
In what is believed to be the first study of its kind to examine the relationship between pre-existing depression (with and without anxiety ) and the amount of time to diagnostically resolve an abnormal mammogram and/or Pap test, researchers from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) have found suffering from depression was not associated with a prolonged time to diagnostic resolution in a vulnerable population of urban women. These findings currently appear in the Journal of General Internal Medicine. Delays in care after abnormal cancer screenings contribute to disparities in cancer out- comes. Women with psychiatric disorders are less likely to receive cancer screening and may also have delays in diagnostic resolution after an abnormal screening test. Vulnerable populations of women, as defined by low income or with racial/ethnic minority status, are less likely to receive standard preventive health care, which contributes to worse breast and cervical cancer outcomes.
Individuals who have migraines have a higher chance of experiencing major depressive episodes, researchers from the University of Calgary, Canada, reported in the journal Headache. The authors added that the higher risk is there the other way round - that those with major depressive episodes are also at a higher risk of having migraines. Lead author, Geeta Modgill MsC, says that those who suffer from either migraines or clinical depression should become knowledgeable regarding the signs and symptoms of the other, i.e. migraine sufferers should know about depressive symptoms, and those suffering from major depressive episodes should know about migraine symptoms. A migraine is a particularly severe headache that is frequently preceded by some warning signs, such as blind spots or flashes of light, similar to the sensation one has after being photographed up close with a very powerful camera flash;
Psychological interventions to prevent depression in children and adolescents can be useful, with protective effects that last for up to a year, finds a new systematic review. "Our results were encouraging because depression is so common. It's one of the costliest disorders internationally, " said lead author Sally Merry, M.D., a pediatric psychiatrist with the department of psychological medicine at the University of Auckland in New Zealand. According to research cited in the new review, in 2002, depression ranked second greatest cause of disability in developed countries and first in many developing ones. The review appears in the current issue of The Cochrane Library, a publication of The Cochrane Collaboration, an international organization that evaluates medical research. Depression can erode young people's enjoyment of daily life, undercut their social relationships and school performance, and increase their risk of substance use, according to Tamar Mendelson, PhD.