An analysis of research on physical punishment of children over the past 20 years indicates that such punishment is potentially harmful to their long-term development, states an article in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). Over the past 20 years, a growing body of research clearly indicates that children who have experienced physical punishment tend to be more aggressive toward parents, siblings, peers and, later, spouses, and are more likely to develop antisocial behaviour. "Virtually without exception, these studies found that physical punishment was associated with higher levels of aggression against parents, siblings, peers and spouses, " write Dr. Joan Durrant, Department of Family Social Sciences, University of Manitoba, and Ron Ensom, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario.
Frequent drinking can lead to changes in the processing of alcohol cues that can, in turn, facilitate renewed drinking if an individual's ability and motivation to reflect on drinking behaviors are insufficient. A study investigating the interaction between automatically activated approach tendencies and the ability and motivation to reflect on drinking behaviors in young adolescents with limited drinking experience has found that stricter parental rules about drinking are highly protective, especially for males. Results will be published in the May 2012 issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research and are currently available at Early View. "With repeated alcohol use, cues that are previously associated with alcohol use - such as the sight of a beer bottle - become increasingly important, " explained Sara Pieters, a researcher at Radboud University Nijmegen and corresponding author for the study.
Link Between Neighborhood Bar Density And Intimate Partner Violence-Related Visits To Emergency Department
Intimate partner violence (IPV) has been linked to heavy drinking, substance use by one or both partners, and living in a neighborhood characterized by poverty and social disadvantage. Alcohol outlet density has been linked to assaultive violence in a community. A study of the association between alcohol outlet densities and IPV-related visits to the Emergency Department (ED) throughout California between July 2005 and December 2008 has found that density of bars is associated with IPV-related ED visits. Results will be published in the May 2012 issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research and are currently available at Early View. "Most of the research on IPV-related ED visits has focused on individual-level risk factors, " explained Carol B. Cunradi, senior research scientist at Prevention Research Center and corresponding author for the study.
Crystal meth, also known as crystal methamphetamine, and informally as ice, tina, or glass, is a colorless form of d-methamphetamine, a powerful synthetic stimulant which is highly addictive. This odorless substance is abused because it has a long-lasting euphoric effect on the user. Crystal meth is generally purer than powdered methamphetamine, and has a longer-lasting effect, as well as a more powerful physiological impact. Crystal meth resembles shiny blue-white "rocks" or fragments of glass of varying sizes, hence its name. Put simply: The chemical n-methyl-1-phenyl-propan-2-amine (C 10 H 15 N) is known as methamphetamine - and in its crystalline form it is known as "meth". According to the NIDA (National Institute on Drug Abuse), methamphetamine (meth) is a stimulant drug that affects the nervous system;
Using data from a national survey, a new government report released on Thursday reveals that 10.5 per cent of children under the age of 18 (7.5 million of this population) in the US live with a parent who has experienced an alcohol use disorder in the past year. The report was released to coincide with Children of Alcoholics Week, which runs from 12 to 18 February. Children who live with an alcoholic parent are at greater risk of parental neglect or abuse. They also have a greater risk of developing mental health problems such as anxiety disorders, depression, and problems with cognitive and verbal skills. For the report, analysts from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), used data from the organization's 2005-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH).