According to the latest News and Numbers from the Agency for healthcare Research and Quality, hospitalizations for eating disorders have dropped by 23% from 2007 and 2009, following a steep and consistent increase from 1999 to 2007. The severity of eating disorders has also gradually reduced, with symptoms, such as irregular heartbeat declining by 39% and menstrual disorders declining by 46%. However, from 1999 to 2009, hospitalizations for individuals suffering from an eating disorder called pica, which causes them to eat mostly non-edible substances, such as clay, dirt, chalk and feces, rose to 93%. Those most likely to suffer from pica are women and children, including those with autism and other mental or developmental disorders. Below are some highlighted details from the federal agency between 1999 and 2009: During the decade, the number of hospitalizations for patients suffering from pica increased from 964 to 1, 862, as well as an overall rise of almost 25% in cases of eating disorders.
Individuals who carry extra copies of specific genes have a tendency to be extremely skinny, researchers from Imperial College London and the University of Lausanne, Switzerland, reported in the journal Nature. The authors added that this is the first study to find evidence of a genetic cause for extreme underweight. The scientists found that a duplication of part of chromosome 16 is linked to being very thin. According to previous research, those with a missing copy of these genes had a considerably higher risk of becoming morbidly obese - 43 times more likely. Study leader, Philippe Froguel, said: "This is the first genetic cause of extreme thinness that has been identified. It's also the first example of a deletion and a duplication of one part of the genome having opposite effects.
Eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia are associated with fertility problems and negative attitudes to pregnancy, according to a UK study. The research also revealed high rates of unplanned pregnancies in women with a history of anorexia, suggesting they may be underestimating their chances of conceiving. The study is to be published in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Eating disorders are known to cause disruption to a woman's menstrual cycle, with substantial weight loss leading to hormonal changes that might prevent ovulation, but so far little research has been carried out into how eating disorders might affect fertility. A team at King's College London and UCL investigated a group of 11, 088 pregnant women from the Avon area of the UK, with women asked to complete questionnaires at 12 and 18 weeks gestation.
Planet Health Obesity Prevention Curriculum: Cost Benefit Analysis Shows Net Savings For Obesity And Eating Disorders
Teaching middle-school children about nutrition and exercise and encouraging them to watch less TV can save the health care system a substantial amount of money, suggests an economic analysis from Children's Hospital Boston and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Using data from a randomized, controlled study conducted at 10 Massachusetts middle schools, five of which adopted the obesity prevention curriculum Planet Health, the researchers created a model projecting a net savings of $14, 000 for the 254 girls receiving the curriculum, by averting the costs of treating obesity and eating disorders. They project that expanding the program to even just 100 schools could save the health care system $680, 000. The study, published in the August issue of the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, was led by S.
Registered Dietitians Are Essential For Successful Treatment Of Eating Disorders, Says American Dietetic Association
As one of the most complicated sets of illnesses to treat, eating disorders have mental health, as well as medical and nutritional, aspects. While treatment by a multidisciplinary health-care team is considered the best practice, there is considerable debate over how to most effectively treat eating disorders and who should be on a treatment team. In a newly updated position paper, the American Dietetic Association says nutrition counseling by a registered dietitian is an "essential component" of successful care for people diagnosed with eating disorders. ADA's position paper on "Nutrition Intervention in the Treatment of Eating Disorders" has been published in the August issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association: It is the position of the American Dietetic Association that nutrition intervention, including nutrition counseling by a registered dietitian, is an essential component of the team treatment of patients with anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and other eating disorders during assessment and treatment across the continuum of care.