PPIs (proton pump inhibitors), medications taken for indigestion, can raise the risk of hip fractures by 35% in post-menopausal women, researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital reported in the BMJ (British Medical Journal). The authors added that women who smoke or used to smoke have a 50% higher risk of hip fractures when taking PPIs. PPIs are commonly used for the treatment of heartburn, they are one of the most common medications used by both males and females globally. PPIs reduce gastric acid production. However, they can undermine the body's ability to absorb calcium, which can eventually lead to weakened bones, making people more susceptible to fractures. Examples of PPIs include: Dexlansoprazole (Dexilant, Kapidex) Esomeprazole ( Nexium, Esotrex) Lansoprazole (Inhibitol, Prevacid, Zoton, Lupizole, Monolitum, Levant) Omeprazole (Omepral, Losec, Prilosec, Zegerid, Ocid, Lomac, Omez) Pantoprazole (Zurcal, Zentro, Protonix, Somac, Controloc, Pantoloc, Pantozol, Pan) Rabeprazole (Rabecid, AcipHex, Rabeloc, Zechin, Nzole-D, Pariet) In this study, the researchers set out to determine what the link might be between PPI usage and hip fractures.
Norovirus, a pathogen that often causes food poisoning and gastroenteritis, was responsible for 18.2 percent of all infection outbreaks and 65 percent of ward closures in U.S. hospitals during a two-year period, according to a new study published in the February issue of the American Journal of Infection Control (AJIC), the official publication of APIC - the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology. A team of researchers from Chartis, Main Line Health System, Lexington Insurance Company, and APIC Consulting Services collected survey responses from 822 APIC members who work in U.S. hospitals regarding outbreak investigations at their institutions during 2008 and 2009. The study was conducted to determine how often outbreak investigations are initiated in U.
Today, about one in five children in the United States are obese. That means that in just one generation alone the number of obese kids in this country has quadrupled. Doctors at Nationwide Children's Hospital who perform weight loss surgery (bariatric surgery) on adolescents took a look at their patient population in a retrospective study published in the January 2012 print edition of Pediatric Blood & Cancer. They found that their patients had experienced a significant loss of excess body weight and showed improvement in many obesity-related diseases within the first one to two years following surgery. Investigators performed a retrospective analysis of 15 morbidly obese adolescents (10 females and five males) who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass between 2004 and 2009. They compared baseline clinical and demographic data with the same data collected one and two years after surgery.
A team of scientists studying the effects of electron-beam irradiation on iceberg lettuce and spinach has had its research published in the February issue of the leading microbiology journal, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, said the study's lead investigator. The study quantified the theoretical health-risk reduction from virus-related foodborne illness through the use of electron-beam irradiation. "The purpose of this study was twofold, " said Dr. Suresh Pillai, director for the National Center for Electron Beam Research at Texas A&M University in College Station. "First we wanted to determine poliovirus and rotavirus sensitivity to electron-beam irradiation on fresh-cut lettuce and spinach. Secondly, we wanted to quantify the theoretical reduction in health risk of lettuce and spinach at different contamination levels and electron-beam doses.
A new study by food safety researchers at Drexel University demonstrates that plasma can be an effective method for killing pathogens on uncooked poultry. The proof-of-concept study was published in the Journal of Food Protection. Although recent high-profile outbreaks of foodborne illness have involved contaminated fresh produce, the most common source of harmful bacteria in food is uncooked poultry and other meat products. The bacteria responsible for most foodborne illnesses, Campylobacter and Salmonella, are found on upwards of 70 percent of chicken meat tested. Treating raw meat products to remove pathogens before they reach a consumer's home can reduce the risk of cross contamination during food preparation, according to senior author Dr. Jennifer Quinlan, an assistant professor in Drexel's College of Nursing and Health Professions.