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[ Gut Flora, High-Fat Diets and Metabolic Disorders ]

Gut Flora, High-Fat Diets and Metabolic Disorders

A diet rich in greasy foods causes an imbalance in our gut flora. The composition of the gut flora seems to determine the way in which the body develops certain metabolic disorders such as diabetes, regardless of any genetic modification, gender, age or specific diet. This has recently been demonstrated by Remy Burcelin and Matteo Serino, researchers from the Inserm unit 1048 "Institute of Metabolic and cardiovascular diseases (I2MC)". It is believed that nutritional additives such as gluco-oligosaccharides and dietary fibers that target the gut microbiota could prevent the development of metabolic disorders. These results have been published in the review Gut April 2012. Gut flora, otherwise knows as gut microbiota, are the bacteria that live in our digestive tract. There are roughly one thousand different species of bacteria, that are nourished partly by what we eat.

For Children With Perforated Appendicitis, Surgical Treatment Can Cut Costs And Improve Outcomes

Pediatric surgeons can lower health care costs if they remove a young patient's perforated appendix sooner rather than later, according to new study results published in the April issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons. Acute appendicitis, which can precede a perforated appendix, disproportionately affects young people ages 10 to 19. However, the condition is more likely to progress to a perforation in children younger than age 4, according to previous research findings.1 It is estimated that approximately 77, 000 children are hospitalized for appendicitis and similar conditions each year, and one-third of them will have a perforation before having an appendectomy, the operation performed to remove the appendix.1 The study authors found that hospital charges for children who had a perforated appendix removed 24 hours after diagnosis were about $10, 000 lower than charges for children who had the surgical procedure six to eight weeks later, after first being treated for abdominal infections and contamination from the perforated appendix.

Anti-Depressants May Be Doing More Harm Than Good

Commonly prescribed anti-depressants appear to be doing patients more harm than good, say researchers who have published a paper examining the impact of the medications on the entire body. "We need to be much more cautious about the widespread use of these drugs, " says Paul Andrews, an evolutionary biologist at McMaster University and lead author of the article, published in the online journal Frontiers in Psychology. "It's important because millions of people are prescribed anti-depressants each year, and the conventional wisdom about these drugs is that they're safe and effective." Andrews and his colleagues examined previous patient studies into the effects of anti-depressants and determined that the benefits of most anti-depressants, even taken at their best, compare poorly to the risks, which include premature death in elderly patients.

Risk Of Small-Bowel Obstruction Reduced By Laparoscopy

Open surgery appears to be associated with an increased risk of small-bowel obstructions compared to laparoscopic procedures. This is shown by a new study at the Sahlgrenska Academy, at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. In many cases, the surgical technique is the most important factor when it comes to adhesive small-bowel obstruction, even when taking factors such as age, previous operations and other health conditions into account. This is shown by a study carried out at the University of Gothenburg's Sahlgrenska Academy, which reviewed 108, 141 operations carried out in Sweden between 2002 and 2004. Nine surgical interventions examined In the study, published in the journal Archives of Surgery, nine different common surgical and gynaecological interventions were examined. The results show that open surgery increases the risk of small-bowel obstructions by up to four times compared with surgery using laparoscopic techniques.

What is Gluten Intolerance? What is Celiac Disease?

Gluten Sources Celiac disease (British: Coeliac disease) is a disorder resulting from an immune reaction to gluten. It can affect, genetically, predisposed people of all ages, but often begins in middle infancy. Symptoms include chronic diarrhea, weight loss and fatigue, but in some cases the disorder can be asymptomatic. Celiac disease is caused by a reaction to gliadin (a gluten protein found in wheat, barley, rye, and sometimes oats). The inflammation and destruction of the inner lining of the small intestine in celiac disease is caused by an allergic reaction to gluten in the diet. This chronic digestive disorder leads to the malabsorption of minerals and nutrients. There is no cure for celiac disease. The only effective treatment for this disorder is a gluten-free diet. According to Medilexicon's medical dictionary, celiac disease is: "a disease occurring in children and adults characterized by sensitivity to gluten, with chronic inflammation and atrophy of the mucosa of the upper small intestine;


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